SaferWheels EU study
The SaferWheels study was conducted to investigate accident causation for traffic accidents involving powered two-wheelers and bicycles in the European Union. It was initiated by DG MOVE of EC and it lasted from January 2015 until December 2017. The objective of the study was to gather PTW and bicycle accident data from 500 in-depth crash investigations, obtain accident causation and medical data for those crashes, and to store the information according to an appropriate and efficient protocol enabling a causation-oriented analysis.
Several results of this study confirm the results of previous studies on PTW accidents. In the current study, speed was a factor in the accidents for 22% of PTW riders, who were judged to travel at a speed too high for prevailing traffic and environmental conditions.
Alcohol intoxication was found for only 4% of PTW riders, 6% of bicyclists and 2% of other vehicle drivers. This decrease is in line with the general reduction in alcohol related accidents over the last decade [ETSC, in press].
Mechanical defects were also rare. In the current in-depth study, vehicle defects were found in only 5% of PTWs examined, though these did not necessarily contribute to the accident. The most common identified defects were tyres and brakes.
The three most common accident scenarios for fatally and seriously injured PTW riders were (1) scenarios where the opponent vehicle is turning left and the PTW is going straight and is coming from the opposite direction; (2) crossing scenario where the PTW was perpendicularly coming from the right side of the opponent vehicle; and (3) single vehicle accidents – of these, 64% lost control of their motorbike on a curve/bend. 25% of fatally and seriously injured PTW riders were involved in single-vehicle accidents
Overall the results suggest that some interventions might be indicated, particularly in terms of reducing speed as a contributory/causal factor in PTW accidents. More tangible benefits might be derived through rider education, campaigns and more aggressive enforcement of speed limits. For non-speed related PTW accidents, particularly junction accidents, technology might be more effective, such as Intelligent Transport System related functions.
For more detailed information please visit the link: https://europa.eu/!xM73nG or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org .