FIM Position: Advanced Rider Assistance Systems (ARAS) on Motorcycles
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
ARAS covers a wide range of systems and applications that provide personal assistance to riders. ARAS can draw attention to approaching traffic, signal road users in the riders blind spot, assist the rider in directing his attention to relevant information, provide prior knowledge of the next traffic situation, warn the rider of obstacles in his path. ARAS can work autonomously or in connection with other vehicles (V2V) or infrastructure (V2I/I2V). In this case it is a Connected ITS (C-ITS) device.
Effects of ARAS on motorcycles
- Existing vehicle safety systems, such as ABS. Lean ABS (or cornering ABS) and traction control, have already proved beneficial to motorcycle road safety. Other devices can be just as beneficial as long as the rider is allowed full control of the throttle, both deceleration and acceleration, and steering.
- Systems can give warnings to riders about speed limits, oncoming curves; traffic jams ahead, damaged roads etc. However, this can also result in information overload. Special attention is needed for fully functional human machine interfaces (HMIs) that filter the needed information and cause no danger by their design.
- The situation will occur where many motorcycles belong to a declining minority of non-automated and non-connected vehicles, which can cause risks if ITS devices of other vehicles assume connectivity and digital visibility.
Conditions of ARAS to be safe and acceptable for motorcycles
- ARAS devices for motorcycles cannot take over control of throttle and steering from the rider with present techniques.
- Roads should always remain accessible for vehicles that are not controlled by electronic systems, and are not connected with other vehicles and/or infrastructure.
- Data should be secure and privacy should be guaranteed.